- Educate the public about substance abuse and promote social norms that discourage illegal and inappropriate use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs.
- Target youth with wider clear messages that no use of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs is acceptable.
- Support the development of community coalitions to promote, plan and coordinate prevention activities that address specific community needs.
- Involve families, schools and community support in prevention efforts.
- Motivate and prepare teachers, health professionals, clergy, community leaders, business leaders and all levels of workers, and other citizens to serve as positive role models by creating a greater sense of awareness of the harmful consequences of drug use at the community level through public education.
- Use media and other technology to promote prevention through clear, consistent drug-free messages.
- Provide research-based prevention programmes to foster positive, healthy lifestyles among youth, equipping them to resist the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
- To create employment settings where all employees adhere to a programme of policies and activities designed to provide a safe workplace.
- Prevention programs should be designed to enhance "protective factors" and move toward reversing or reducing known "risk factors."
- Prevention programs should target all forms of drug abuse, including the use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants.
- Prevention programs should include skills to resist drugs when offered, strengthen personal commitments against drug use, and increase social competency (e.g., in communications, peer relationships, self-efficacy, and assertiveness), in conjunction with reinforcement of attitudes against drug use.
- Prevention programs for adolescents should include interactive methods, such as peer discussion groups, rather than didactic teaching techniques alone.
- Prevention programs should be long-term, over the school career with repeat interventions to reinforce the original prevention goals. For example, schoolbased efforts directed at elementary and middle school students should include booster sessions to help with critical transitions from middle to high school.
- Family-focused prevention efforts have a greater impact than strategies that focus on parents only or children only.
- Community programs that include media campaigns and policy changes, such as new regulations that restrict access to alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs, are more effective when they are accompanied by school and family interventions.
- Community programs need to strengthen norms against drug use in all drug abuse prevention settings, including the family, the school, and the community.
- Schools offer opportunities to reach all populations and also serve as important settings for specific subpopulations at risk for drug abuse, such as children with behaviour problems or learning disabilities and those who are potential dropouts.
- Prevention programming should be adapted to address the specific nature of the drug abuse problem in the local community.
- The higher the level of risk of the target population, the more intensive the prevention effort must be and the earlier it must begin.